Captain Daniel Pomeroy's Payroll

A_R_W_17_9_side1.jpg
Did you know that soldiers received travel reimbursement based on how far they marched from home? This document lists how much was paid to thirty-seven soldiers who served the Continental Army for the month of July 1778. They served in Albany, New York, and then marched back to their homes in western Massachusetts. These men, who were members of their local militias in western Massachusetts, were temporarily attached to General Timothy Danielson’s Brigade (he was from Deerfield) to do a special service for the Continental Army in Albany.

In this detachment, there were seven officers and thirty privates. Daniel Pomeroy, the captain, was paid six times as much as the privates, (12 pounds to 2 pounds), and the lieutenant was paid four times as much as the privates (8 pounds to 2 pounds). At this time, the Americans used the British currency system of pounds-shillings-pence. There were twelve pence in a shilling, and twenty shillings in a pound. A pound contained 240 pence. During the War, inflation was high and rising, so the soldiers’ pay may not have amounted to as much as they had hoped.

Everyone was paid a penny per mile for their march home. By looking down the list you can see that several of the men marched the same distance, so they must have come from the same towns. The closest to Albany was sixty miles and the furthest was 115 miles. It is a puzzle to figure out which town was sixty-six miles east of Albany, which one was one hundred miles, and if these are names of men who lived in these towns.

We know that the captain, Daniel Pomeroy, was from Northampton so all the men who marched eighty miles must also have come from Northampton. He stayed on to serve until October 31, 1778. Before and after the war, Daniel Pomeroy ran a tavern, called the “red tavern” on Northampton’s Main Street. He was the fourth generation of Pomeroys to live on Main Street and own a tavern.

This payroll shows that many men participated in the American Revolution, even if they were part of a local militia and even if they served for only a short time. July would have been an okay time to leave their farms for a month. Their crops were already growing in the fields. The soldiers would be home in August in time to harvest them. While they were gone, their wives and children worked the farm.

Every company had a clerk whose job it was to keep detailed records, like this payroll. He used his good math skills to add up the long column of figures, and then he copied the record several times so that everyone in charge had a copy.

About This Item

Date

July, 1778

Description

document, approximately 14 3/4" (37.6 cm) x 9 5/8" (24.6 cm)

Type

Identifier

A.R.W.17.9

Collection

Contributor

Citation

“Captain Daniel Pomeroy's Payroll,” Revolution Happened Here, accessed September 20, 2021, https://revolutionhappenedhere.org/items/show/25.

Related Items

This item has no relations.


Transcription

A Pay Roll of Capt. Daniel Pomeroy Company Being A Detachment from Genll Danielson Brigade in The Continental Service for the Month of July 1778 A Mileage Account For Each man in this Pay Roll Sett opposite Their names from Their Respective homes To Albany
Mens Names Rank Time Entered Time Service to Amount For Month Remarks Whole Amount Lawfull Money Number of Miles Marched The Whole Amount At one Penny Per Mile
Daniel Pomeroy Capt July 1st August 1st 12-0-0 £12-0-0 80 0-6-8
Ezekiel Foster Leut Do Do 8-0-0 8-0-0 115 0-9-7
Eliphaz Wright Sergt Do Do 3-0-0 3-0-0 80 0-6-8
Martin Severance Sergt Do Do 3-0-0 3-0-0 90 0-7-6
Jonathan Pomeroy Corpl Do Do 2-4-0 2-4-0 80 0-6-8
William Turner Corpl Do Do 2-4-0 2-4-0 66 0-5-6
Samuel Turner Corpl Do Do 2-4-0 2-4-0 115 0-9-7
Nathan Strong Private Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 80 0-6-8
Eleazer Root Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 80 0-6-8
Moses Hendrick Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 80 0-6-8
Moses Danks Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 90 0-7-6
David Wood Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 90 0-7-6
David Frisby Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 90 0-7-6
Enoch Beats Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 66 0-5-6
Jesse Woolcot Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 66 0-5-6
John Fobes Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 66 0-5-6
Simeon Higgins Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 66 0-5-6
Samuel Hamilton Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 66 0-5-6
Ezekiel Thomas Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 66 0-5-6
David Ingram Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 80 0-6-8
Benjn Parker Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 80 0-6-8
Jonas Leonard Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 60 0-5-0
John Howard Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 60 0-5-0
Daniel Morse 3rd Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 60 0-5-0
Joseph Allen Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 63 0-5-3
Gideon Howard Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 63 0-5-3
Jonathan Taylor Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 63 0-5-3
Thomas Ford Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 100 0-8-4
Moses Smith Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 100 0-8- 4
Jonathan Lions Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 100 0-8-4
Francis Gooding Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 100 0-8-4
John Oldin Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 100 0-8-4
John Gant Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 115 0-9-7
Thomas Wallis Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 100 0-8-4
Rubin Casmorhugh?? Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 90 0-7-6
Eli Gold Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 90 0-7-6
Eldad Corbit Do Do Do 2-0-0 2-0-0 90 0-7-6
92-12-0 12-13-10

See Also

Back of payroll document

Geolocation